The eye, which depends on light in order to see, also requires light to develop normally during pregnancy. It is crucial for the right number of photons to reach the mother’s body by late term pregnancy.
Scientists saw that photons of light trigger a protein called melanopsin inside the fetus, not the mother, to aid in the beginning of healthy blood vessel and retinal neuron development in the eye.
This application – named Picaa – can be used on iPhone, iPad and iPod touch and has been translated into several languages (English, Galician, Arab, etc.). This application has topped the 20,000 downloads from App Store – mainly from Spain and the USA – since its release. Picaa is a system designed for the development of learning and communication activities to be performed in class.
According to the main developer of this application, Alvaro Fernádez, this platform is aimed at children and teenagers with some kind of cognitive, visual or hearing disability. It includes a number of activities enhancing perception, vocabulary acquisition, phonetic and syntactic performance, memory development and eye-hand coordination in children with Down syndrome.
Visual impairment in extremely preterm children is mainly due to Retinopathy Of Prematurity (ROP), although cerebral damage, often referred to as cerebral visual impairment, can also be a cause amongst those born extremely premature.
ScienceDaily — A new analysis of recent eye health studies shows that more time spent outdoors is related to reduced rates of nearsightedness, also known as myopia, in children and adolescents. Myopia is much more common today in the United States and many other countries than it was in the 1970s. In parts of Asia, more than 80 percent of the population is nearsighted. The analysis suggests that more exposure to natural light and/or time spent looking at distant objects may be key factors.
Children need to be checked for Amblyopia or “lazy eye” at the age of 3. If Amblyopia is caught early, it could be corrected by patching and corrective eye wear. Patching is most successful when done before the age of 6, since the brain eye connection is still developing.